Actinotignum schaalii / Actinobaculum schaalii

  • General information

    • the following information is not yet verified
      Be aware of infections due to A. schaalii, it is a uropathogen with potential invasiveness leading to severe infections.

      Family: Actinomycetaceae,
      A. schaalii
      A. urinale
      A. massiliae

      Natural habitats
      The natural habitat of A. schaalii remains unknown, but it is probably part of the commensal flora of the human genital or urinary tract.

      Clinical significance
      They are associated with genital and urinary tract infections, mainly in elderly and patients with underlying urological conditions.
      Investigation must be performed for patients for whom urine culture remains ‘sterile’ under aerobic conditions whereas many Gram-positive rods and leukocytes appear on smear microscopy and of patients who do not respond to treatments for UTIs.

      Severe infections have also been described, such as urosepsis, bacteremia, cellulitis and endocarditis.

  • Gram stain

    • the following information is not yet verified
      Gram-positive, straight to slightly curved coccoid rods,

      lying single or in clusters.

      Gram reaction decolorization in old culture

  • Culture characteristics

    • the following information is not yet verified

      facultative anaerobic
      Growing preferentially under anaerobic or microaerophilic conditions on 5% sheep blood agar plates, for 48 h.

      After 24 hours, the colonies are very small (pinpoint) and after 48 hours, the colonies are 0.5-1 mm, non-hemolytic, gray-white, dome shaped, glossy with a smooth edge.

      After 2-5 days, a weak β-hemolysis and one colony sometimes seems to consist of two colonies.

  • Characteristics

  • References

    • James Versalovic et al.(2011) Manual of Clinical Microbiology 10th Edition

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