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Enterobacter cloacae

  • General information

    • the following information is not yet verified
      Taxonomy
      Family: Enterobacteriaceae
      E. aerogenes
      E. cloacae complex
      - E. cloacae, E. asburiae, E. hormaechei, E. kobei, E. ludwigii
      E. amnigenus I
      E. cancerogenus
      E. gergoviae
      E. intermedium

      Pathogenic to plants: E. amnigenusII, E. cowanii, E. pyrinus, E. radicincitans

      Natural habitats
      Can be found in soil, water, sewage, food and also on the human skin and in the intestinal tract.

      Clinical significance
      Enterobacter species cause a wide variety of nosocomial infections, including respiratory- and urinary tract infections, wound infections, osteomyelitis, meningitis and bacteremia.

      Especially patients which are hospitalized for more than 72 hours and immunocompromised patients are at risk for an infection caused by Enterobacter.

  • Gram stain

    • the following information is not yet verified
      Gram negative straight rods,

      0.6-1.0 x 1.2.0-3.0 µm,

      found singly or in pairs.

      Some encapsulated

  • Culture characteristics

    • the following information is not yet verified

      Facultative anaerobic

      Colonies are large 2-3 mm, gray, smooth, shiny and sometimes flat with irregular edges, they can also be mucoid (strains with K-antigen have a capsule)

      They are nonpigmented.

      McConkey growth, lactose fermenter

      BBAØ growth

  • Characteristics

  • References

    • James Versalovic et al.(2011) Manual of Clinical Microbiology 10th Edition

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