SEARCH

Display:





Bacillus subtilus was found in Mars Chocolate Drinks


dangerous bacteria
bacterium causes brief but intens food poisoning

Bacillus subtilis

  • General information

    • the following information is not yet verified
      B.licheniformis, B.subtilis and B.pumilus comprise the subtilis group, which has been associated with food borne gastro-enteritis

      Taxonomy
      Family: Bacillaceae

      Natural habitats
      Spores are widely distributed in nature.

      Clinical significance
      Is non pathogenic or may occasionally be an opportunistic pathogen for humans.

  • Gram stain

    • the following information is not yet verified
      Large Gram positive (variable) rods.

      0.7-0.8 x 2.0-3.0 µm

      Spore shape: ellipsoidal / cylindrical
      Spore position: central, paracentral or sometimes subterminal
      Sporangia swelling: negative

  • Culture characteristics

    • the following information is not yet verified

      Obligate aerobic

      Colonial morphology is large, flat, dull, frosted glass appearance, blistering after drying folding, can be β-hemolytic and may become cream colored or brown.

      Colonial morphology is variable, within and between strains and may give the appearance of a mixed culture.

      Pigments varying from cream to yellow, orange, pink and red, to brown or black (media with glucose)

      BBAØ no growth

      Swarming
      Bacillus subtilis were inoculated at the center of a dish with gelose containing nutrients.
      The bacteria start mass-migrating outwards about twelve hours after inoculation, forming dendrites which reach the border of the dish (diameter 90mm) within a few hours. Two days after inoculation the number of bacteria has increased so much that they diffuse light significantly and appear white.


  • Characteristics

  • References

    • James Versalovic et al.(2011) Manual of Clinical Microbiology 10th Edition


Find related articles in Pubmed