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Clostridium septicum

  • General information

    • the following information is not yet verified
      Taxonomy
      Family: Clostridiaceae

      Natural habitats
      Ubiquitous in nature, being found in the soil and feces from animals, especially ruminants.
      Is rarely isolated from feces of healthy people

      Clinical significance.
      Is capable of causing rapidly fatal infections in humans and other animals by production of its lethal

      hemolytic and necrotizing alpha toxin.

      Clostridium septicum isolated from blood cultures may indicate cancer or other diseases of the colon.

  • Gram stain

    • the following information is not yet verified
      Gram positive (Gram negative in older cultures) straight or curved

      0.6-1.9 x 1.9-35.0 µm,

      occurring singly or in pairs.

      Cells may be extremely pleomorphic under certain conditions

      Spores often in "lemon"forms
      Spores oval / subterminal
      Swelling of the cells positive

  • Culture characteristics

    • the following information is not yet verified

      Obligate anaerobic

      BBAØ
      Colonies are 1-5 mm in diameter, beta-hemolytic, slightly raised, translucent, gray, glossy, circular, with irregular to rhizoid margins,

      often swarming.

  • Characteristics

  • References

    • James Versalovic et al.(2011) Manual of Clinical Microbiology 10th Edition


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