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Campylobacter coli

  • General information

    • the following information is not yet verified
      Taxonomy
      Family: Campylobacteriaceae

      Natural habitats
      In the intestinal tract of animals.

      Man is infected by direct contact with infected animals or by consumption of contaminated water or food, especially chicken and sometimes raw milk

      Clinical significance
      C. jejuni and C. coli continue to be the most common Campylobacter species associated with diarrheal illness and produce clinically indistinguishable infections.

      In patients with gastroenteritis caused by C. jejuni / C. coli, patients symptoms range from none to severe, including fever, abdominal cramping, and diarrhea (with or without blood/fecal white cells), that lasts several days to more than one week.

      Symptomatic infections
      are usually self-limited, but relapses may occur in 5 to 10% of untreated patients.

      Campylobacter infections may mimic acute appendicitis and result in unnecessary surgery.

      The most common condition is enteritis, a large number of patients followed by acute colitis (enterocolitis).

      Campylobacter infections may occur as acute appendicitis, which is sometimes unnecessary surgery.

      Guillain-Barré syndrome,
      and reactive arthritis may be the result of a Campylobacter infection.

  • Gram stain

    • the following information is not yet verified
      Gram negative curved, S-shaped, or spiral rods,

      0.2-0.9 x 0.5-5 µm

      Rods may form spherical or coccoid bodies in old cultures or cultures exposed to air for prolonged periods.

  • Culture characteristics

    • the following information is not yet verified

      Microaerophilic

      Grayish, round, 1-2 mm in diameter, raised, convex, smooth and glistening colonies.

      Usually nonhemolytic.

  • Characteristics

  • References

    • James Versalovic et al.(2011) Manual of Clinical Microbiology 10th Edition


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